Great day, welcome back to Pricespin.net. Many questions come in, whether it’s via email or on our social media and one question about Get the Accredited Online Cyber Security Degree Worth it? in several places such as Texas, Georgia, Canada, Florida, North Carolina, UK and in India.
It can be rightfully said that today’s generation lives on the Internet. And we general users are almost ignorant as to how those random bits of ones and zeros.
Reach securely to our computer. It is not magic it is work and sweat that makes sure that your packets. Reach to you and sniffed. Today I-reports from Eureka. I’m here to tell you guys about how cybersecurity makes us all possible. Now before we begin let me briefly all about the topics that we’re going to cover today.
So basically, we are going to ask two questions that are important to cybersecurity. Firstly, we’re going to see why cybersecurity is needed. Next we to see what exactly is cybersecurity. And in the end, I want to show you all a scenario how cybersecurity can save.
A whole organization from organized cybercrime. OK so let’s get started. Now. As I just said we are living in a digital era. Whether it be booking a hotel room ordering some dinner or even booking a cab. Read: Cheap Online Sports Management Degree
We’re constantly using the Internet and inherently constantly generating data. This data is generally stored on the cloud. Which is basically a huge data civil or data center. That you can access online. Also, we use an array of devices to access this data. Now for a hacker it’s a golden age.
With so many access points. Public IP addresses and constant traffic and tons of data to exploit. Blackout hackers are having one hell of a time exploiting vulnerabilities and creating malicious software for the same. About that. Cyber-attacks are evolving by the day.
Hackers are becoming smarter and more creative with their mothers and how they bypass vital scans and firewalls still baffle many people. Let’s go to some of the most common types of cyber-attacks no. So, as you guys can see. I’ve listed out it’s cyber-attacks that have plagued us since the beginning of the Internet.
Let’s go through them briefly. So, first on the list we have general malaise. Malware is an all-encompassing term for a variety of cyber threats. Enduring Trojans viruses and bombs. Malware is simply defined as code with malicious intent that typically steals data or destroys something on the computer.
Next on the list we are phishing. Often posing as a request for data. From a trusted third party. Phishing attacks are sent via email and ask users to click on a link. And enter the personal data. Phishing e-mails have gotten much more sophisticated in recent years.
Making it difficult for some people to discern. A legitimate request for information from a false one. Phishing emails often fall into the same category as spam. But are more harmful than justice in Baghdad. Next on the list we have password attacks. A password attack is exactly what it sounds like.
A third party trying to gain access to your system. By tracking a user’s password. Next up is the U.S. which stands for distributed denial of service. Attacks attack focuses on disrupting the service of a network. Attackers sent high volumes of data traffic through the network that is making a lot of connection requests.
Under the network becomes overloaded. And can no longer function. Next up we have. Man, in the middle attacks. By impersonating the end point and an online information exchange. That is the connection from your smartphone to a website that MDMA attacks can obtain information from the end users. An entity.
He or she is communicating with. For example, if you’re banking online. The man in the middle would communicate with you. By impersonating your bank. And communicate with the bank by impersonating you. The man in the middle would then receive all the information transferred between both parties which could include sensitive data.
Such as bank accounts and personal information. Next up we have driven by downloads. Through malware on a legitimate website. A program is downloaded to a user system just by visiting the site. It doesn’t require any type of action by the user to download it actually.
Next up we have mail advertising. Which is a way to compromise a computer with malicious code that is downloaded to your system. When you click on an affected ad. Lastly, we have Rourke’s offers which are basically malware that are masquerading as legitimate and necessary security software that will keep your system safe.
So, as you guys can see you know. The internet sure isn’t a safe place. As you might think it is. This not only applies for us as individuals but also large organizations. There have been multiple cyber breaches in the past that has compromised the privacy and confidentiality of our data. Read: How to Get a Masters Degree in Social Work Online
If we head over to the site. False Information is Beautiful. We can see all the major cyber breaches that have been committed. So, as you guys can see. Even big companies like eBay AOL Evernote Adobe have actually gone through major cyber breaches even though they have a lot of security measures taken to protect the data that they contain.
So, it’s not only that small individuals are targeted by hackers and other people. But even bigger organizations are constantly being targeted by these guys. So, after looking at all sorts of cyber-attacks possible. Breaches of the past. And the sheer amount of data available.
We must be thinking that there must be some sort of mechanism and protocol to actually protect us. From all these sorts of cyber-attacks. And indeed. There is a way. And this is called cyber security. In a computing context. Security comprises of cybersecurity.
And physical security. Both are used by enterprises to protect against unauthorized access to data centers. And other computerized systems. Information security which is designed to maintain the confidentiality integrity and availability of data in a subset of cybersecurity.
The use of cyber security can help prevent against cyber-attacks. Data breaches identity theft. And can eat and risk management. So, when an organization has a strong sense of network security. And an effective incident response plan. Is better able to prevent and mitigate these attacks. For example, and use a protection defense information and guards against loss of theft.
While also scanning computers for malicious code. Now when talking about cybersecurity there are three main activities that we are trying to protect ourselves against. And they are. Unauthorized modification unauthorized deletion and unauthorized access. These freedoms.
Are very synonymous to the very commonly known CIA trade. Which stands for confidentiality. Integrity and availability. The CIA triad is also commonly referred to as the three pillars of security. And most security policies of big organizations. And even smaller companies are based on these three principles. So, let’s go through them one by one.
So, first on the list we have confidentiality. Confidentiality is roughly equal to privacy. Measures undertaken to ensure confidentiality are designed to prevent sensitive information from reaching the wrong people. While making sure that the right people can in fact get it.
Access must be restricted to those authorized to view the data in question. It is common as well for data. To be categorized according to the amount and type of damage that could be done should it fall into unintended hands. More or less stringent measures can then be implemented across to those categories.
Sometimes safeguarding data confidentiality. Meanwhile special training for those privy. To such documents. Such training would typically include security risks. That could threaten this information. Training can help familiarize authorized people with risk factors. And how to guard against them.
Further aspects of training can include strong password as password related best practices. And information about social engineering methods. To prevent them from bending data handling rules. With good intentions. And potentially disastrous results. Next on the list we have integrity. Integrity involves maintaining the consistency accuracy and trustworthiness.
Of data over its entire lifecycle. Data must not be changed in transit. And steps must be taken to ensure that data cannot be altered by unauthorized people. For example, in a breach of confidentiality. These measures include file permissions and user access controls. Read: How to Get an ACCREDITED Online Bachelor’s Degree in Education SUPER FAST
Version control and may be used to prevent erroneous changes or accidental deletion. By authorized users becoming a problem. In addition, some means must be in place to detect any changes in data that might occur as a result of non-human caused events. How does electromagnetic pulses a silver Rush?
Some data might include check sums even cryptography check sums for verification of integrity. Backup or redundancies must be available to restore the affected data to its correct set. Last but not least is availability. Availability is best ensured by rigorous maintaining of all hardware. Performing hardware repairs immediately when needed.
And maintaining a correctly functional operating system environment. That is free of software conflicts. It is also important to keep current with unnecessary system upgrades. Providing adequate communication bandwidth and preventing the occurrences of bottlenecks are equally important. Redundancy failure level and even high reliability clusters can mitigate serious consequences when hardware issues do occur.
Fasten as adaptive disaster recovery is essential. For the worst-case scenarios. That capacity is reliant on the existence of a comprehensive disaster recovery plan. Safeguards against data loss or interruption in connection. Must include unpredictable events such as natural disasters and failed to prevent data loss from such utterances.
A backup copy must be stored in a geography totally isolated location. Perhaps even in a fireproof what is safe place. Extra security equipment’s or software such as firewalls and proxy servers. Can guide us against down times and unreachable data. Due to malicious actions such as denial of service attacks and network intrusions.
So now that we have seen what we are actually trying to implement when trying to protect ourselves on the Internet. We should also know. The ways that we actually protect ourselves when we are attacked by cyber organizations.
So, the first step to actually mitigate any type of cyber-attack is to identify the malware or the cyber threat that is being currently going on in the organization. Next we have to actually analyze and evaluate. All the affected parties and the file systems that have been compromised. And in the end, we have to patch the whole treatment.
So that our organization can come back to its original running state. Without any cyber breaches. So how is it exactly done. This is mostly done by actually calculating three factors. The first factor is vulnerability. The second factor is threat. And the third is risk.
So, let me tell you about the three of them a little bit. First on the list of actually cancellations we have vulnerability. So, a vulnerability reference to a known weakness of an asset. That can be exploited by one or more attackers. In other words.
It is a known issue that allows an attack to be successful. For example, when a team member resigns and you forget to disable their access to external accounts. James Loggins or remove their names from the company credit cards. This leaves your business.
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Open to both unintentional and intentional threats. However. Most vulnerabilities are exploited by automated attackers. And on a human typing on the other side of the network. Next. Testing for vulnerabilities is critical to ensuring the continued security of your systems. By identifying weak points and developing a strategy to respond quickly.
Here are some questions that you ask when determining. Your security vulnerabilities. So, you have questions like Is your data are backed up and stored in a secure offsite location. Is your data stored in the cloud? If yes how exactly is it being protected from cloud vulnerabilities.
What kind of security do you have to determine who can access modify or delete information? From within your organization. Next slide you could ask questions like What kind of antivirus protection is in use. What are the license currents? Are the license current.
And is it running as often as needed. Also do you have a data recovery plan in the event of vulnerability being exploited. So, these are the normal questions that one asks. When actually checking their vulnerability. Next up. Is threat. A threat refers to a new.
Or newly discovered incident. With potential to do harm to a system. Or your overall organization. There are three main types of threat. National threats. Like floods or tornadoes. Unintentional threats such as employee mistakenly accessing the wrong information. And intentional threats.
There are many examples of intentional threats including spyware. Malware adware companies. Or the actions of disgruntled employees. In addition, worms and viruses are categorized as threats. Because they could potentially cause harm to your organization. Read: Best Online Healthcare Degrees Complete Guide
Through exposure to an automated attack. As opposed to one perpetrated by human beings. Although these threats are generally outside of one’s control. And difficult to identify in advance. It is essential to take appropriate measures to assess threats regularly. Here are some ways to do so. Ensure that your team members are staying informed of current trends in cybersecurity.
So, they can quickly identify new threats. They should subscribe to blogs like wild. And podcasts like the tech Gen-X extreme I.T. that covers these issues as well as join professional associations. So, they can benefit from breaking news feeds.
Conferences and webinars. You should also perform regular threat assessments to determine the best approaches to protecting a system. Against a specific threat. Along with assessing different types of tech. In addition, penetration testing involves modelling real threats in order to discover vulnerabilities. Next on the list we have risk.
So, the risk restless to the potential for loss or damage when a threat exploits a vulnerability. Example of risks include financial losses. As a result of business disruption. Loss of privacy reputational damage. Legal implications and can even include loss of life.
This can also be defined as follows. Which is basically set multiplied by the vulnerability. You can reduce the potential for risk by creating and implementing a risk management plan. And here are the key aspects to consider when developing your risk management strategy. Firstly, we need to assess risk and determine needs.
When it comes to designing and implementing a risk assessment framework. It is critical to prioritize the most important breaches that need to be addressed. Although frequency may differ in each organization. This level of assessment must be done on a regular recurring basis.
Next we also have to include a total stakeholder perspective. Stakeholders include the business owners as well as employees. Customers and even vendors. All of these players have the potential to negatively impact the organization. But at the same time, they can be assets and helping to mitigate risk.
So, as we see risk management is the key to cybersecurity. So. Now let us go through a scenario to actually understand how cybersecurity actually defend an organization against very manipulative cybercrime. So, cybercrime as you all know is a global problem that’s been dominating the news cycle.
It poses a threat to individual security and an even bigger threat to large international company’s banks and governments. Today’s organized cybercrime far out shadows lone hackers of the past are now large organized crime rings function like startups and often imply highly trained developers who are constantly innovating new online adapt.
Most companies have preventative security software to stop these types of attacks. But no matter how secure we are. Cybercrime is going to happen. So, meatball is the chief security officer for a company that makes a mobile app to help customers track and manage their finances.
So, security is a top priority. So, Bob’s company has an activity response platform in place that automates the entire cybersecurity process. The ERP software integrates all the security and I.T. software needed to keep a large company like Bob’s. Secured into a single dashboard. And acts as a hub.
For the people processes and technology needed to respond to and contain cyberattack. Let’s see how this platform work in the case of a security breach. While Bob is out on a business trip irregular activity occurs on his account. As a user behavior analytics engine that monitors account activity.
Recognizes suspicious behavior involving late night blogging an unusual amount of detail being downloaded. This piece of software is the first signal that something is wrong. An alert is sent to the next piece of the chain. Which is the Security Information and Event Management System.
Now that ERP can orchestrate a chain of events that ultimately prevents the company from encountering a serious security disaster. The ERP connects to a user directory software that Bob’s company uses which immediately recognizes that user accounts belong to and executed without on a business trip and then proceeds to lock his account.
The ERP sent the incident IP address to attract intelligent software which identifies the address as a suspected malware so. As each piece of security software runs the findings are recorded in the AIPAC incident which is already busy creating a set of instructions on a playbook.
For a security analyst to follow. The analyst and locks Bob’s account and changes his passwords. This time the software has the domain. The attempted attack came from a well-known cybercrime organization using stolen credentials.
Bob’s credentials were stolen when the hacker found a vulnerability in his company’s firewall software and used it to upload a malware infected file. Now that we know how the attack happened the analyst uses the ERP and identifies and patches all the things. That ERP uses information from end point tools to determine which machines need to be passed.
Recommend how to bash them and then allows the analyst to push the batches to all the computers and mobile devices instantly. Meanwhile Bob has to alert the legal departments of the breach. And ERP instantly notifies the correct person of the situation and the status of the incident after the attack is contained. And Bob’s account is secured.
The analyst and communicates which data may have been stolen or compromised during the incident. He identifies which geographies jurisdictions and regulatory agencies cover the users and information affected by the attack. Then the EIB creates a series of tasks.
So, the organization can notify the affected parties. And follow all relevant compliance of liability procedures. In the past the security breach this large would have required Bob’s company to involve several agencies and third parties. To solve the problem. Read: How Much Can You Make With a Masters Degree in Social Work
A process that could have taken months or longer. But in a matter of us the Incident Response platform. Organized all of the people processes. And technology to identify and contain the problem. Find the source of the attack fix the vulnerability and notify all affected parties. And in the future.
Bob and his team will be able to do the cognitive security tools. These tools will read and learn from tens of thousands of trusted publication blogs. And other sources of information. This knowledge will uncover new insights and patterns and dissipate and isolate.
And minimize attacks as they happen and immediately recommend actions for security professionals today. Keeping data safe and companies like Bob’s are the headlines. Okay guys I hope you’ll learn something about cyber security today and why it is so essential in today’s world. If you have any doubts or questions regarding this article please post a comment down in the comment section.
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